Salbutamol (salbutamol sulfate)
Salbutamol is used for:
Treating breathing problems in patients who have asthma or certain other airway diseases. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Salbutamol is a sympathomimetic (beta agonist) bronchodilator. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle in the airway, which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily.
Do NOT use Salbutamol if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Salbutamol
- you are taking another sympathomimetic (eg, pseudoephedrine), except for a bronchodilator inhaler as directed by your doctor
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Salbutamol:
Some medical conditions may interact with Salbutamol. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of heart problems, (eg, fast or irregular heartbeat, heart failure), blood vessel problems, high blood pressure, or low blood potassium levels
- if you have a history of seizures, diabetes, an overactive thyroid, kidney problems, or an adrenal gland tumor (pheochromocytoma)
- if you have ever had an unusual reaction to another sympathomimetic medicine (eg, pseudoephedrine)
- if you are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) or tricyclic antidepressant (eg, amitriptyline), or if you have taken either of these medicines within the last 14 days
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Salbutamol. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood potassium levels may be increased
- Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, entacapone), epinephrine, MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), short-acting sympathomimetic bronchodilators (eg, metaproterenol), stimulants (eg, amphetamine), sympathomimetics (eg, pseudoephedrine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Salbutamol's side effects
- Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol) because they may decrease Salbutamol's effectiveness
- Digoxin because its effectiveness may be decreased by Salbutamol
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Salbutamol may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Salbutamol:
Use Salbutamol as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Salbutamol by mouth with or without food.
- Do not stop using Salbutamol without checking with your doctor.
- If you miss a dose of Salbutamol, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Salbutamol.
Important safety information:
- Salbutamol may cause dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Salbutamol with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- If your usual dose does not work well, your symptoms become worse, or you need to use it more often than normal, contact your doctor at once. This may be a sign of seriously worsening asthma. Your doctor may need to change your dose or medicine.
- Salbutamol should work for up to 8 hours or longer. Do NOT use more than the recommended dose or use more often than prescribed without checking with your doctor. The risk of severe heart problems and sometimes death may be increased with overuse of Salbutamol.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Salbutamol before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Check with your doctor before using any other asthma medicines, including inhaled medicines, while you are using Salbutamol.
- Diabetes patients - Salbutamol may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- When your medicine supply begins to run low, call your doctor or pharmacy as soon as possible for a refill.
- Use Salbutamol with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Salbutamol should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- Caution is advised when using Salbutamol in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Salbutamol while you are pregnant. It is not known if Salbutamol is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Salbutamol, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of Salbutamol:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Dizziness; headache; nausea; nervousness; sinus inflammation; sore or dry throat; tremor; trouble sleeping; vomiting.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; ear pain; fast or irregular heartbeat; new or worsened trouble breathing; pounding in the chest; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; severe headache or dizziness; unusual hoarseness; wheezing.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; fast or irregular heartbeat; seizures; severe headache or dizziness; severe or persistent nervousness or trouble sleeping; tremor.
Proper storage of Salbutamol:
Store Salbutamol at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Salbutamol out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Salbutamol, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Salbutamol is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Salbutamol. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.